- With the diet used in this study, protein intakes were adequate when
energy intakes corresponded to the estimates of energy requirements.
- The protein and energy needs of well-nourished children were satisfied by
the diets used in this study if:
(a) dietary energy density was increased, and
(b) sufficient amounts of
the staple foods were available.
the diet is supplemented with foods of animal origin or other high-quality
proteins, there is no need to provide them every day of the week. Some local
vegetable based diets may not require such supplements.
- It is not
necessary to change the composition of the diet during short, acute episodes of
disease or during convalescence from them if the foods are offered to the child
in sufficient amounts to satisfy his appetite.
- The energy needs of most
well-nourished children two to four years old can be satisfied with dietary
intakes of 92 to 95 kcal/kg/day.
- Measurements made at 4-day intervals
over 28 days yield good metabolic-balance data. A 28-day period of observation
is adequate to assess the dietary effects on body weight and metabolic balance
if the child does not become ill. In that event, other 28-day replications are
necessary. The evaluation of other anthropometric changes requires a longer
- It is still necessary to show whether or not the preceding
conclusions are correct for pre-schoolers with mild-to-moderate protein-energy
The investigations were carried out with the financial assistance of the
Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) and the United Kingdom's Office
for Overseas Development. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations (FAO) administered funds from DANIDA and made the award to