Cover Image
close this bookBasic English for Adults (Republic of Kenya, 72 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentLesson 1. Greetings
View the documentLesson 2. Introduce Yourself and Friends
View the documentLesson 3. Name and Address
View the documentLesson 4. My Family
View the documentLesson 5. Numbers
View the documentLesson 6. My Body
View the documentLesson 7. Colours
View the documentLesson 8. Revision
View the documentLesson 9. Our House
View the documentLesson 10. What are You Doing?
View the documentLesson 11. What is the Time?
View the documentLesson 12. Today and Yesterday
View the documentLesson 13. Where do they Work
View the documentLesson 14. Directions
View the documentLesson 15. Filling in Forms
View the documentLesson 16. Writing a Letter
View the documentLesson 17. Revision

Lesson 12. Today and Yesterday

1. Change the words in brackets into past tense.

The first one is done for you.

When I was growing up, I (learn) learned many things. I (learn) to respect people who are older than I am. When I met them anywhere, I (greet) them respectfully. I (help) ____ my parents at home. In the morning, I made a fire and I (clean) ____ the house.

My mother got water. I also (help) ____ my father look after cattle. I (wash) ____ all our dirty clothes and kept them in boxes when they were clean and dry.

2. Read the following verbs in the sentences:

Today (present)

Yesterday (past)


I walk in my pasture.

I walked in my pasture.

She cleans her house.

She cleaned her house.

They help their children.

They helped their children.

3. To make a doing word for yesterday, you add -ed.

To make a past tense, you add -ed as shown below:



I help my son.
She opens the letter.
They kill an animal.
We learn maths.
He prays everyday.

I ______ my son.
She _______ the letter.
They ______ an animal.
We _______ maths.
He ______ yesterday.

4. Read the following sentences:

Today (present)

Yesterday (past)

We save money.
She lives here.
I like bananas.

We saved money.
She lived here.
I liked bananas.

Sometimes to make a doing word for yesterday, you add -d as shown above.

5. Complete the following words by adding -d.

Today smile












6. Fill in the blanks by adding -d to the words given in brackets:

a) They............. our centre very much. (like)
b) She............... all the chairs in the hall. (arrange)
c) He................ to another house last year. (move)
d) Fatuma......... to her son. (wave)
e) Wambui.......... for her baby. (care)
f) Totoi................... last year. (die)

7. Read this passage and then answer the questions that follow:

There was once a farmer named Wandera who lived with his wife, Nekesa. They lived in a town called Nyahururu. They had two children who helped them on their land.

Wandera and Nekesa had a small piece of land. They grew crops on the land. They had lots of maize, beans and potatoes. Their children grew up, they went to college in Nairobi, so life wasn’t too difficult.

Answer these questions.

1. What was the name of the farmer and his wife?
2. Where did they live?
3. How many children did they have?
4. What did they grown on their land?
5. Where did their children go when they grew up?

8. Write a true story which you know happened.

9. Write down new words in the spaces given below: