|Basic Science and Health Education for Primary Schools Uganda (UNICEF, 1992, 162 p.)|
UNIT 15 ACCIDENTS AND FIRST AID
P 2 TERM 3
By the end of this topic, children should be able to:
1. Define "Safety".
· Avoid playing near fires, water, in a bush and with electric appliances in homes.
· Keep away from medicines which have not been given to them by an adult.
· Bigger children help to keep smaller children away from fire, wells, hanging electric wires, climbing trees, bushes and medicines.
· Report broken bottles and have them removed from compounds at home and school.
a) Meaning of "Safety".
b) The types of common accidents.
c) Prevention of common accidents.
1. "Safety" means freedom from danger.
2. Common injuries from accidents at home and school are burns, fractures, cuts, near-drowning, bites and stings, poisoning, electrical injuries, and bleeding from nose (epistaxis).
3. Prevention of accidents is very important and should be the responsibility of everyone.
Notes for the Teacher
What is Safety?
Many accidents can be prevented by making everyone aware and avoid those situations which are likely to result in accidents. Safety means freedom from danger. We keep ourselves safe by avoiding accidents. We make ourselves safe by avoiding accidents. We make places safe by keeping them free from dangerous things which would cause harm.
Safety at Home and School:
We can keep home and school safe by preventing accidents. Common accidents and how to prevent them are explained in chapter on causes of accidents.
Find out what children know and revise the material in chapter 3 on causes of accidents.
In this topic, emphasise how children can help others prevent accidents and keep safe, e.g.
- Crossing the road.
- Playing in safe places.
- Avoid putting beads or other objects in nose, mouth and ears.
- Keeping medicines out of children's reach.
UNGUARDED RAIL CROSSING
ROAD BEND TO RIGHT
SOME ACTIVITIES FOR PUPILS:
1. Refer to methods/activities in chapter 3 and choose those which help you revise the topic.
2. Let children relate accidents that have happened and discuss how they could have been prevented.
3. Let each child teach a child from P1 how to cross the road safely.
SKILLS TO DEVELOP:
Observation, recording, describing, drawing.
Pictures of places where accidents happen.
Question and answer. Observe them teaching another child how to cross the road.
(What have you learnt from this chapter?)
1. What do you understand by the word "Safety"?
2. List the type of accidents that commonly occur:
a) at home
b) at school
3. How can these be prevented?