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close this bookBasic Science and Health Education for Primary Schools Uganda (UNICEF, 1992, 162 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentForeword
View the documentLinking Volume 1 and 2 of Basic Science and Health Education Teacher's Guide
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction to Book
View the documentCHAPTER 1. My Health and Other People's
View the documentCHAPTER 2. Caring for Our Bodies
View the documentCHAPTER 3. Causes of Accidents
View the documentCHAPTER 4. Names and Sources of Food
View the documentCHAPTER 5. The Importance of Immunisation
View the documentCHAPTER 6. Cleaning Things We Use
View the documentCHAPTER 7. Family Relationships and Interactions
View the documentCHAPTER 8. The Six Immunisable Diseases
View the documentCHAPTER 9. Food Hygiene
View the documentCHAPTER 10. Helping Others to Keep Healthy
View the documentCHAPTER 11. Worms, Diarrhoea and Dehydration
View the documentCHAPTER 12. Safety and Accident Prevention
View the documentCHAPTER 13. Germs and Prevention of Disease
View the documentCHAPTER 14. Working together for Good Health
View the documentCHAPTER 15. Topic: Keeping Clean
View the documentCHAPTER 16. Malaria, Trachoma and Sleeping Sickness
View the documentCHAPTER 17. First Aid for Common Accidents
View the documentCHAPTER 18. Food Preservation and Contamination
View the documentCHAPTER 19. Injuries and Their Care
View the documentCHAPTER 20. Digestive System
View the documentCHAPTER 21. Nutrition, Health and Disease
View the documentCHAPTER 22. Worms

CHAPTER 15. Topic: Keeping Clean

P. 3 TERM 2


By the end of this topic pupils should be able to:

1. Give reasons why we wash hands.
2. Explain when we wash hands.
3. Demonstrate proper ways of washing hands and bathing.
4. Demonstrate proper ways of cleaning teeth and explain why we need to clean them.
5. Give reasons why we clean our bedrooms.
6. Demonstrate proper ways of washing utensils, clothes and uniforms.

Behavioural Changes:

Pupils should:

· Wash hands before and after meals and after using the toilet.
· Wash utensils, clothes, beddings and uniforms and dry them.
· Come to school with clean bodies and uniforms.


a) Keeping our bodies clean - why and how?
b) Keeping beddings and utensils clean - why and how?

Main Ideas

· We wash hands to remove dirt.
· Dirty hands keep germs.
· Germs cause diseases.
· We must wash our bodies everyday to avoid diseases.
· We must wash hands before and after meals.
· Wash hands after using the toilet.
· Dirty clothes smell badly and may spread skin diseases.
· Wash clothes and utensils using soap and water to remove dirt and germs.
· Clothes and beddings should be dried in the sun to kill germs.

Notes for the Teacher:

Germs live on dirty hands, clothes, beddings and utensils. Dirty clothes and beddings smell badly and may spread skin diseases like scabies and ring worms.

Scabies is caused by a mite which produces an itchy rash on the skin.

The rash is most common on wrists between fingers, around waist and on genitals.


Hands, clothes, beddings, and utensils should be washed with soap and water to remove germs. To avoid germs is to avoid disease. Always use clean utensils. Putting our beddings in the sunlight will kill germs.

For care of teeth and washing our bodies see chapter 2.


1. Teacher shows children proper ways of washing hands by using her hands or one of the class pupils. After demonstration, let each child practise washing hands. Provide them with clean water and soap.

2. In another lesson, Teacher shows pupils how to wash their uniform, paying attention to stains, armpits, seams.

3. Using some school or class cups, plates, forks and spoons, teacher demonstrates proper ways of washing and drying these items. Then let children wash their cups, plates, etc.

4. Old pupils should help teach the young ones how to wash utensils.

For brushing teeth and washing the body see activities in chapter 2.

5. Children go to a house with a drying rack and learn how to use it.


1. Observation.
2. Following instructions.
3. Sweeping e,g, bedrooms.
4. Making a bed.
5. Washing the uniform.


Water, small sticks, tooth paste, soap, basins, etc.


1. Teacher gives oral questions to enable children tell why and when they should wash their bodies, uniforms and utensils.

2. Occasional visits to pupils homes to find out whether children practise what is learnt at school are necessary.


1. Twinning of the young children with old ones in order to carry out health parades. (Child to child)

2. Teacher conducts health parades to observe and check on pupils' cleanliness of hands, hair, nails, and other parts of the body and uniform.


(What have you learnt from this chapter?)

1. Give reasons why we wash our hands.
2. Give the three most important times when to wash our hands.
3. How can you kill germs on bedding?
4. Name two skin diseases caused by germs.